Anorexia : A eating disorder

Anorexia : A eating disorder

Anorexia : A eating disorder

Eating disorders - Symptoms, causes and treatment

The idea that eating disorders are a lifestyle choice is one that is frequently held. In reality, eating disorders are severe, frequently fatal illnesses that are linked to substantial abnormalities in a person’s eating behaviour as well as associated thoughts and feelings. An eating disorder may also be indicated by an individual’s preoccupation with food, weight, or body image. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder are examples of common eating disorders.

Anorexics aim to maintain the lowest possible weight by undereating, overexercising, or a combination of the two. They begin to hunger, which might make them very unwell.

They frequently have an inaccurate perception of their body, believing they are overweight even when they are underweight.


Anorexia can affect both men and women of any age, however it more frequently affects young women and usually begins in the middle of adolescence.


Anorexia nervosa is most frequently diagnosed in adolescent females, but it has also been identified in older, younger, and male patients. People with anorexia nervosa consume extremely low calorie diets, have an excessive fear of gaining weight, and may also engage in excessive exercise.



Anorexia symptoms and signs

Anorexia symptoms and signs include:


  • If you’re over 18, your weight and height are below average for your age. If you’re over 18, your body mass index is extremely low. (BMI)
  • Missing meals, eating insufficiently, avoiding items you perceive as fatty, thinking you are overweight when in fact you are underweight, or taking medication to curb your appetite (appetite suppressants)
  • Your periods ceasing (if you haven’t reached menopause) or not starting (if you’re a younger woman or girl) physical issues include feeling woozy or lightheaded, hair loss, or dry skin.



Anorexia’s emotional and mental symptoms


  •     A strong sensitivity to acquiring weight.
  •     Not being able to accurately judge your body’s size and shape (having a distorted self-image).
  •     A compulsive fascination with food, calories, and dieting.
  •     Even though you are underweight, you feel “fat” or overweight.
  •     Aversion to particular foods or food groups.
  •     Being exceedingly self-critical.
  •     Denying the seriousness of your low body weight and/or dietary restriction.
  •     A burning desire to be in charge.
  •     Feeling agitated and/or down.
  •     Having suicidal or self-harming thoughts.



Anorexia health risks

Chronic anorexia can result in serious health issues linked to inadequate nutrition. (malnutrition). But as your eating patterns return to normal, these will typically start to get better.


Potential issues include:

  • Problems with the muscles and bones, including osteoporosis, fatigue, and issues with young people’s physical development
  • Infertility issues
  • Decline in sex desire
  • Issues with the heart and blood arteries, such as swollen feet, hands, or faces, irregular heartbeats, low blood pressure, heart valve dysfunction, and heart failure. (oedema)
  • Problems with the brain and nerves, such as fits (seizures), memory loss, and attention issues, as well as renal or bowel issues
  • Having anaemia or a reduced immune system.
  • Your life may be in danger if you have anorexia. It’s one of the main reasons why people die from mental health issues. Anorexia-related deaths can occur by suicide or physical problems.



Health Improvement Key Points :

As you proceed with treatment, your provider will likely ask you to keep track of your symptoms. You could do this in a variety of ways, For example, INIGIMA Digital Screening plays a very important role if you are suffering from multiple complications like diabetes, blood pressure, heart issues and obesity patient. It helps to maintain good health and achieve a longer life. Book a session with an expert now

A review article by

Dr Bhavana Kalvala

(Clinical Research Director @ IEEARC Tech)


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