Cause of stomach pain

Cause of stomach pain / abdominal pain


A review article by

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We all sometimes experience stomachaches, upset stomachs, and abdominal pain, and these conditions are typically not life-threatening. However, if you have extreme or sudden stomach pain, they may be a symptom that something inside your body is not working properly. The causes might range from mild conditions like indigestion or a torn muscle to more serious ones like an infection inside the body or a heart attack.


Symptoms associated with abdominal pain

  •    Chest pain (get prompt medical attention)
  •     Bloating or swelling that lasts more than a few days
  •     An injury or recent accident
  •     Bloody or dark stools
  •     Vomiting blood or dark material
  •     Changes in bowel habits
  •     Unexpected weight loss
  •     Difficulty swallowing
  •     Diarrhea for more than five days
  •     Prolonged vaginal bleeding
  •     Fever over 100 degrees
  •     Burning sensation when you urinate or frequent urination


You can record the symptoms in INIGIMA Cloud Diagnosis Book Now this will you understand the complication and identify the pattern of your health. This will assist in treatment and medication process


Main causes of stomach pain and discomfort

Digestion issues, inflammation, and female reproduction are the three broad categories in which the most frequent causes of abdominal pain or an upset stomach can be found.

Abdominal pain after eating may indicate digestive issues such as indigestion, constipation, diarrhea, food allergies, or food poisoning.

Inflammation: Inflammation from the stomach flu, a peptic ulcer, GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), gallstones, pancreatitis, or a urinary tract infection can cause painful irritation or infection in your organs.

Menstrual cramps, ovulation, or inflammation in the female organs are all pain associated to the female reproductive cycle.

Some other reasons

  •     Disease, kidney stones, or kidney infection
  •     Hepatitis (liver inflammation)
  •     Parasitic diseases
  •     Abdominal organ infection or infarction (when an organ dies from a lack of blood flow)
  •     Cardiac issues
  •     Inflammation of the tissue lining the inside of the abdomen is known as peritoneitis.
  •     Particularly stomach, pancreatic, or bowel cancer, is an organ cancer.
  •     Cysts and a hiatal hernia


Some key factors responsible for abdominal pain


When the stomach lining is inflamed or enlarged, abdominal pain may result. Nausea, vomiting, gas, and bloating are further signs and symptoms of gastritis.



Abdominal pain results from increased pressure on the intestines caused by an accumulation of too much waste in the gut. It can happen for a number of causes, including a diet low in fiber or fluid, the use of specific medications, and a lack of exercise. It could also be a sign of intestinal obstruction.

 Gastroenteritis (stomach flu):

A bacterial or viral infection called gastroenteritis results in stomach pain as well as other symptoms like nausea, vomiting, fever, bloating, and loose, liquid-filled feces that appear much sooner than usual after eating. While the symptoms usually go away in a few days, if they last more than two days, it may indicate a more serious health problem, including an infection or inflammation.

Food sensitivities

Gas is a byproduct of some meals, such as beans, legumes, garlic, soda, and others, being broken down by bacteria in the small intestine. These foods are intolerant to the body. Acute stomach discomfort, flatulence, and abdominal tightness can occur when there are significant volumes of undigested materials because the gas produces pressure in the intestines.


Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

People with IBS have a difficult time digesting specific meals, which leads to a lot of them experiencing abdominal pain, which is frequently eased by a bowel movement.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

GERD is a chronic ailment characterized by persistent acid reflux, in which stomach acids go upward into the throat. In addition to producing a burning feeling, heartburn, nausea, and abdominal pain, this reflux can eventually result in consequences such esophageal inflammation.

Vomiting can be brought on by a number of things, including alcohol poisoning and intestinal blockages. When someone vomits, stomach acids travel backward through the digestive tract, irritating the tissues and producing pain in the abdomen. Vomiting can result in soreness in the abdominal muscles.


Peptic ulcers or stomach ulcers

Stomach and peptic ulcers can be brought on by bacteria and excessive anti-inflammatory drug use. Untreated ulcers or wounds can result in severe stomach pain, bloating, indigestion, and unexpected weight loss.


Crohn’s disease

When the lining of the digestive tract is irritated, it can lead to stomach pain, gas, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and bloating. Being a chronic condition, this one can also result in malnutrition, which causes weariness and weight loss

Celiac illness

A reaction to the protein gluten, which is present in many cereals like wheat and barley, causes celiac disease. It results in small intestine inflammation, which results in bloating, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.


Strained or pulled muscles

As many daily chores require the use of the abdominal muscles, injuries or strains are frequent. Additionally, a lot of people place a lot of importance on abdominal exercises, which raise the chance of injury and thus cause stomach pain.


Endometriosis or menstrual pain

Along with bloating, gas, cramps, and constipation, menstruation can inflame and hurt the abdomen. Inflammation and stomach discomfort may be more severe or persistent in women with endometriosis, a disorder in which the tissue that usually originates in the uterus develops in other body areas.


Bladder and urinary tract infections

The majority of urinary tract infections are brought on by bacteria that colonize the urethra and bladder and cause lower abdominal pressure, discomfort, and bloating as symptoms.


Stomach discomfort, diarrhoea, and constipation can result from germs entering the digestive tract as a result of illnesses in the oesophagus, intestines, or blood.


Appendicitis is the medical term for when the appendix, a little tube-shaped organ attached to the big intestine, becomes inflamed or ill. It frequently results in severe stomach pain and can be surgically removed.


To help with fat digestion, the gallbladder accumulates and excretes bile. Gallstones are stone-like particles that can occasionally form in the bile ducts or gallbladder. They can cause excruciating abdominal pain and may also lead to additional issues.


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