How to begin Diabetes treatment

How to begin Diabetes treatment

A review article by

Dr Sunil Kumar  Feel Free to Connet on Linkedin 

We can provide you with some general information on how diabetes treatment typically begins. However, it’s important to note that every individual’s case is unique, and you should always consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice and treatment.

Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high blood glucose levels due to the body’s inability to produce enough insulin or properly use insulin. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. The treatment approach may vary depending on the type of diabetes and the severity of the condition.

  1. Diagnosis: The first step in beginning diabetes treatment is getting a proper diagnosis. If you suspect you have diabetes or are experiencing symptoms such as frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, or fatigue, it’s essential to visit a healthcare provider.
  2. Medical Evaluation: Once diagnosed, your healthcare provider will conduct a thorough evaluation, which may include a physical examination, blood tests (such as fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, and oral glucose tolerance test), and possibly other tests to determine the type and severity of diabetes.
  3. Lifestyle Changes: For both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, lifestyle changes are often the foundation of treatment. These changes may include:
    • Diet: A balanced and healthy diet is crucial. You may be advised to limit the intake of sugary and high-carb foods and focus on whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
    • Exercise: Regular physical activity can help improve insulin sensitivity and manage blood glucose levels. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week, along with muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days a week.
    • Weight management: If you are overweight or obese, losing weight can significantly improve diabetes control.
  4. Medications: Depending on the type of diabetes and its severity, your healthcare provider may prescribe medications to help manage blood sugar levels.
    • Type 1 diabetes: Individuals with type 1 diabetes require insulin therapy, as their bodies do not produce insulin. Insulin may be administered through injections or an insulin pump.
    • Type 2 diabetes: Initially, lifestyle changes may be sufficient to manage type 2 diabetes. However, if blood sugar levels remain high, oral medications or injectable medications like GLP-1 receptor agonists or SGLT-2 inhibitors may be prescribed.
  5. Blood Sugar Monitoring: Regular blood sugar monitoring is essential to track how well the treatment plan is working and to adjust medications or lifestyle changes as needed.
  6. Diabetes Education: Diabetes self-management education and support are crucial for effectively managing the condition. Diabetes educators can provide valuable information on nutrition, medication management, blood sugar monitoring, and coping strategies.
  7. Regular Follow-ups: Regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider are essential to assess your progress, adjust treatment as necessary, and address any concerns or complications.


Important Key points :

Remember, diabetes treatment is a lifelong journey and keeping INIGIMA Digital Screening will be your best companion and help you understand medication response, and predict future risks. It requires active participation, dedication, and collaboration between the individual with diabetes and their healthcare team. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and treatment planning.


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