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Hypertension in Winter : Why people are at the risk of high blood pressure

Hypertension in Winter: Why people are at the risk of high blood pressure

 

A review article by

Dr. Somedatta Ghosh (Pal)

In India, people mostly enjoy winter compared to summer. They like the downfall of temperature, foggy mornings, shiny noon time and chilly evenings. They can relish their night sleep under cozy blanket. In other seasons like summer and rainy seasons rural Indians get very less scope for comfort.

However failing to take proper care of health in winter can cause various types of illness. The most common of them are cold, flu, bronchitis, pneumonia, dry/itchy skin etc. The low temperature can cause some other health issues like depression, hypertension etc and there is very less awareness among people about them.

 

Around 30% higher incidences of stroke, pulmonary embolism, and heart disease are found during winter.

Arterial blood pressure is influenced by seasonal temperature change and it is true for everyone: children, adult and old people whether they are hypertensive or normotensive. In winter both systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) tend to increase.

Probable Reasons for High BP in Winter

 

Risks Associated With High BP

 

 

Preventive Steps to Avoid BP-Related Complications

Small preventive measures play an important role in avoiding big disasters like stroke, heart attack etc. To avoid BP fluctuations due to temperature drop, patients should follow:

Summary

Since arteries and blood vessels constrict in cold temperatures. As a result, greater force is required to move the blood throughout the body. The blood pressure rises as a result.

Abrupt variations in the weather, such as humidity, air pressure, cloud cover, or wind, can also have an impact on blood pressure. People over 65 are more likely to experience variations in blood pressure caused by the weather. Furthermore, gaining weight during the winter and not exercising can also cause a surge in blood pressure.

If you observe any variations in the blood pressure level monitor over the winter, INIGIMA Digital Screening can help you see the changes and acquire reliable information, which will assist the doctor in recommending the best course of action for medication and treatment.

 

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References:

 

  1. Fares A. Winter Hypertension: Potential mechanisms. Int J Health Sci (Qassim). 2013 Jun;7(2):210-9.
  2. Fares A. Winter cardiovascular diseases phenomenon. N Am J Med Sci. 2013 Apr;5(4):266-79.
  3. Rintamäki H. Human responses to cold. Alaska Med. 2007;49(2 Suppl):29-31.
  4. Jansen PM, Leineweber MJ, Thien T. The effect of a change in ambient temperature on blood pressure in normotensives. J Hum Hypertens. 2001 Feb;15(2):113-7.

 

 

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