IBD prevention and lifestyle factors

Many cases of inflammatory bowel disease may be prevented by lifestyle choices.

  1. Chronic inflammation of the bowels can result in a variety of uncomfortable symptoms and harm to the digestive system.
  2. The most effective approaches to treat persons who have inflammatory bowel disease are still under investigation by researchers and medical professionals.
  3. According to a recent study, following certain lifestyle guidelines may successfully stop many cases of inflammatory bowel disease.

IBD, also known as chronic inflammatory bowel disease, may require lifetime care. The prevention and management of symptoms may be the main goals of treatment. Researchers are still trying to figure out ways to prevent IBD in people.

According to a study in the BMJ journal Gut, following specific lifestyle recommendations may successfully stop many cases of inflammatory bowel disease.


Inflammatory bowel disease effects

Chronic inflammation and damage to the gastrointestinal tract are symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD patients may have a range of symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, sometimes-bloody diarrhoea, and abdominal pain. The type of IBD and its severity will affect a person’s symptoms.


In the US, inflammatory bowel disease affects about 3 million people. It consists of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, two conditions that share many traits but yet differ significantly. They are chronic illnesses with no known cure that have a considerable negative influence on the affected people’s quality of life. Patients are typically diagnosed in their early years of life, often when they are at their most productive.

When their disease is under control, they may not exhibit any symptoms, but when it flares up, they may exhibit a variety of intestinal and extraintestinal signs.

Although the precise aetiology of IBD is unknown, experts are still looking at how lifestyle choices may contribute to its occurrence and prevention.

Preventing IBD and influencing lifestyle

It was a prospective cohort study in this case. The goal of the study was to see whether changing certain lifestyle factors could prevent IBD. On the basis of how closely participants adhered to these lifestyle factors, they developed modifiable risk scores (MRS).

They examined variables like smoking, body mass index (BMI), usage of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and levels of physical exercise, for instance.

Additionally, they examined dietary elements such consumption of red meat, fruits, vegetables, and fibre. Depending on the kind of IBD, different particular criteria were considered.

Additionally, they assigned participants’ healthy living scores based on how closely they adhered to that lifestyle. The American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines for Healthy Living, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Dietary Guidelines for Americans were used by researchers to define a healthy lifestyle.

Low modifiable risk scores might, according to their data, prevent about 43% of cases of Crohn’s disease and more than 44% of cases of ulcerative colitis. They also calculated that leading a healthy lifestyle could avoid almost 42% of ulcerative colitis cases and nearly 61% of Crohn’s disease cases.


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A review article by

Dr Bhavna Kalvala (Clinical Research Director @ IEEARC Tech)


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