Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)


Key Points

The digestive system is frequently impacted by the disorder known as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

• It results in symptoms like constipation, diarrhea, bloating, and stomach cramps. These typically come and go throughout time and can endure for a few days, a few weeks, or even several months.

• It typically lasts a lifetime. It can be incredibly annoying to deal with and significantly affect how you live your life.

Although there is no cure, dietary modifications and medications can frequently help reduce the symptoms.

• Although the precise etiology of IBS is unknown, it has been related to factors like stress, a family history of the condition, oversensitive gut nerves, and how quickly or slowly food passes through your gut.


How common is IBS?

More than 1 million cases per year (India) 10% to 15% of adults, according to experts, are thought to have IBS. But only 5% to 7% of patients are given an IBS diagnosis. It is the condition that gastroenterologists diagnose the most frequently.

Who is susceptible to getting IBS?

You may have observed if you have IBS that specific situations make your symptoms worse. Some meals and medicines are typical triggers. An further trigger is emotional stress. IBS may be the gut’s reaction to pressures in life, according to some researchers.

People in their late teens to early 40s are most likely to develop the illness. IBS may affect women twice as frequently as it does males. IBS can affect several family members.
If you have a family history of IBS, you may be more vulnerable.

• Anxiety, stress, or other negative emotions.

• Intolerance to foods.

• A history of sexual or physical abuse.

• A severe gastrointestinal infection.

What contributes to IBS?

IBS’s actual cause is not fully understood by researchers. They believe that a number of causes, such as the following, can cause IBS:

Dysmotility: Issues with the way the muscles in your GI tract contract and carry food through the GI tract.

Extra-sensitive GI tract nerves are known as having visceral hypersensitivity.

Miscommunication between the nerves in the brain and gut is known as brain-gut dysfunction.


What signs of IBS are there?

IBS symptoms include:

  •     Abdominal pain or cramps, usually in the lower half of the abdomen.
  •     Bloating.
  •     Bowel movements that are harder or looser than usual.
  •     Diarrhoea, constipation or alternating between the two.
  •     Excess gas.
  •     Mucus in your poop (may look whitish).

IBS in women may cause symptoms to worsen during the menstrual cycle. It’s common for these sensations to recur, which might make you feel anxious or angry. You’ll start to feel better physically and mentally as you learn how to control flare-ups.



General recommendations for treating symptoms of IBS

What you  have to Do

  • When you can prepare meals at home with fresh ingredients.
  • Keep a food journal and note any symptoms you experience; try to stay away from anything that make your IBS worse.
  • Look for methods to unwind.
  • Do a lot of exercises.
  • Probiotics can assist, so try them for a month and see.
  • Record your physiology in INGIMA Cloud Diagnosis 


What you shouldn’t do

  • Never postpone or skip meals.
  • Avoid eating too rapidly.
  • Eat fewer processed, spicy, or greasy foods.
  • Eat no more than three servings of fresh fruit each day (a portion is 80g)
  • Limit your daily tea or coffee consumption to three cups.
  • Avoid consuming a lot of alcohol or carbonated beverages.

Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, can make daily life difficult. Your life is frequently disrupted by IBS symptoms such as stomach pain, diarrhea, gas, and bloating. But IBS can be controlled. Although there is no cure, dietary and lifestyle adjustments can help with symptoms. Consult your healthcare provider if you are experiencing persistent stomach symptoms. You can come up with a treatment strategy for IBS that works for you both.


Nowadays Digital Screening plays a very important role if you are a patient with IBS and diabetes blood pressure obesity patient. It helps to maintain good health and helps to achieve a longer life. Book a session with an expert now

A review article by

Dr Bhavna Kalvala

(Clinical Research Director @ IEEARC Tech)


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