What is Sciatica

What is Sciatica

Legs and back discomfort may result from sciatica, a condition. That happens as discomfort moves along the sciatic nerve’s course. Beginning in the lower spine, this nerve passes through the hip and buttock before descending the back of the leg and ending at the foot.

Sciatica can have a wide variety of causes. The majority of the time, either naturally or with treatment, the disease improves over time.


What are sciatica’s signs and symptoms?

Sciatica symptoms might include leg discomfort, tingling, and numbness.

Sciatica is characterised by nerve discomfort that travels down the back of the leg from the buttock, frequently worsening with sitting, coughing, sneezing, or using the lavatory. Moreover, you can experience tingling, pins and needles, numbness, or weakness in your leg, along with lower back pain.


Although sciatica pain might be extremely painful, most patients find that their symptoms gradually go better. It is advised to consult your doctor as soon as you start experiencing symptoms of sciatica because it is thought to be a more serious low back condition. The doctor will ask you about your health history and examine your spine and legs to determine if you have sciatica.


If you experience weakness, numbness, or excruciating pain, problems controlling your bladder or bowels, or any of these symptoms, you should see a doctor right away.


The doctor advises against getting an x-ray or other imaging for low back pain unless you also have other serious symptoms. If you have sciatica, talk to your doctor about whether imaging is necessary. Depending on the situation, it may or may not be.

Why do you get sciatica?

Sciatica can be brought on by spinal injuries, bone spurs, abnormal growths, a constriction of the spinal canal, or tight or bulging buttock muscles. People frequently struggle to identify the precise injury that resulted in the disorder.


Sciatica risk factors include:

Spine’s age-related abnormalities

Obesity, which can increase spinal pressure

Jobs requiring you to bend your spine or lift big objects

Extended sitting

Diabetes, which elevates the possibility of nerve damage



The best way to cure sciatica?


The length of your symptoms and the severity of your disease will influence the therapy you choose for sciatica. These treatments consist of:


Specific back care instruction, rest, physical therapy, medication, lifestyle adjustments, and surgery


Mild sciatica typically disappears over time. You might need to spend one or two days in bed when you first have sciatica. To ensure that your spine remains strong, it’s crucial to get back to your normal activities as soon as you can. Applying cold packs or heat (the choice of which usually depends on the length of time you have had symptoms).

Ibuprofen, paracetamol, and physical therapy are among the painkillers and anti-inflammatory agents used in the treatment of sciatica. Conservative therapies like physiotherapy are effective for the majority of sciatica sufferers.

Consult your physician once more. If your pain lasts longer than a week, is severe, or gets progressively worse, self-care methods won’t help.

If your symptoms don’t go away, you might need surgery or an anaesthetic injection into your spine.

Is sciatica preventable?

Sciatica can be avoided by taking care of your back, controlling your weight, and generally boosting your physical condition. Home physical therapy, such as exercises that build muscle, can aid in preventing the recurrence of sciatica.


Health Improvement Key Points :

As you proceed with treatment, your provider will likely ask you to keep track of your symptoms. You could do this in a variety of ways, For example, INIGIMA Digital Screening plays a very important role if you are suffering from multiple complications like diabetes, blood pressure, heart issues and obesity patient. It helps to maintain good health and achieve a longer life. Book a session with an expert now

A review article by

Dr Sunil Kumar  Feel Free to Connet on Linkedin 


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