Type 2 Diabetes and Sleep

According to estimates, one in two people with type 2 diabetes experience sleep issues as a result of their variable blood sugar levels and associated symptoms. Insomnia and weariness the next day can result from low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) or high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) during the night. Feelings of melancholy or stress related to the disease itself may also keep you up at night, as is the case with many chronic disorders.

Insomnia in Patients with Type 2 DiabetesDiabetes patients frequently have poor sleep hygiene, including trouble falling or staying asleep. Some diabetics sleep excessively while others struggle with sleep deprivation. The National Sleep Foundation estimates that 63% of people do not obtain the recommended amount of sleep for safety, health, and peak performance.

Obstructive sleep apnea, soreness or discomfort, restless legs syndrome, and increased nightly urination are a few causes of sleep issues for people with type 2 diabetes.


Are any further connections between sleep and type 2 diabetes?

According to multiple research, those with poor sleep patterns are more likely to become overweight or obese and acquire type 2 diabetes. Chronic sleep loss may cause insulin resistance, which can cause diabetes and high blood sugar levels.

Chronic sleep deprivation has been linked in some studies to changes in hormones that regulate hunger. Recent research, for instance, shows a connection between poor sleep and reduced leptin levels, which assist regulate glucose metabolism. No of how many calories are consumed, low levels of leptin have been found to boost the body’s desire for carbohydrates.


How can I get more restful sleep?


  • In addition to pharmaceuticals, the following suggestions are made to enhance sleep:
  • Study breathing and relaxation techniques.
  • Play a CD of tranquil music or nature sounds.
  • Get frequent exercise, preferably before going to bed.
  • Avoid using alcohol, nicotine, or caffeine in the evening.
  • Avoid or cut down on napping
  • When you can’t sleep, get out of bed and do something in another room. If you begin to feel sleepy, return to bed.
  • Only use the bed for sleeping and having relations. Don’t read or watch TV when lying in bed. Your bed will then serve as a cue for sleeping rather than for staying awake.
  • Consider engaging in cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), a proven first-line remedy for insomnia.


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A review article by

Dr Bhavna Kalvala (Clinical Research Director @ IEEARC Tech)


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